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The leaves are 2–6 centimetres (0.79–2.4 in) long and 2–5 centimetres (0.79–2.0 in) broad, with two to three shallow, forward-pointing lobes on each side of the leaf. Crataegus is the group name for different types of shrub which have a red berry-type fruit and, most often, thorny branches. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. Details C. laevigata is a small thorny deciduous tree with glossy, pinnately lobed leaves, and corymbs of creamy-white flowers in late spring, followed by red fruit in early autumn Plant range NW & C Europe Fruit is sparse on this tree, making it a cleaner choice for patio areas. It is indigenous to Southern Europe and Western Asia and is common about Jerusalem and the Mount of Olives, where its fruit is used for preserves. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. The most often used species for bonsai are the Common hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), the Midland hawthorn (Crataegus laevigata) and its popular cultivar 'Paul's Scarlet' with double red flowers, and the Japanese hawthorn (Crataegus cuneata). Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google. Not sure which Crataegus - Hawthorns to pick? In 1753 Linnaeus introduced the name C. oxyacantha for the single species of which he was aware, but described it in such a way that the name became used for various species, including both the midland and the common hawthorn. Growth Rate: 24 Inches per Year. The midland hawthorn was described botanically as a separate species as long ago as 1798 by Poiret, whose name Mespilus laevigata referred to this hawthorn. These succulent black red haws wrap around the canopy branches in thick clusters. Plant Description. Stiff thorns to 3 inches long. Good hawthorn bonsai material is often offered by bonsai traders and professional yamadori collectors. AddThis. Each style produces a seed, so its fruits also have more than one seed and these make them slightly oval, in contrast with the single-seeded and therefore round fruits of common hawthorn. Flowers are white in groups of 3 or 4, followed by medium sized fruit which are deep purple to black. long (2.5 cm), and clad with glossy, dark green, 3 to 5-lobed leaves. Latin: Crataegus pinnatifida, Crataegus laevigata Latin: Crataegus Species Chinese: Shan zha WHAT IT DOES: Hawthorn berries and flower buds are sour and sweet in taste, and slightly warming in action. Jacquin, N.J. 1775. Bloom Color: Lavender, Pink, White. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. C. Azarole. Underplant... Use our interactive toolsto design your dream garden. 'Paul's Scarlet'[11] (double red flowers), 'Punicea'[12] (pink and white) and 'Rosea Flore Pleno'[13] (double pink flowers) have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Ideal for bringing individual colour and habitats for difficult locations. Dull orange-red fruit. While this genus of shrub is varied, we are talking more specifically about crataegus monogyna, otherwise known as the common hawthorn. More About Crataegus laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet' ... A beautiful, accent tree in the spring with its showy, red flowers, and in the fall its red berries. Sun. Their abundance and colour envelope the tree in glorious warming colour which is a favourite for birds. Toxicity Fruit may cause mild stomach upset if ingested. Resistant to leaf spot diseases. Crataegus laevigata … Hardiness ratings. Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn,[2] English hawthorn,[2] woodland hawthorn[2] or mayflower, is a species of hawthorn native to western and central Europe, from Great Britain (where it is largely confined to lowland ancient woodland[3]) and Spain east to the Czech Republic and Hungary. Leaves have 3-5 lobes and are shiny, dark green. Contents. Hawthorn nourishes the heart, increases oxygen flow to the heart muscle, reduces blood vessel lining inflammation and helps digest fats and oils. Smooth, glossy, toothed, 1- to 3 inches-long leaves are dark green, turning orange to red in fall. Paul's Scarlet Hawthorn is covered in masses of red, double flowers in May. Deciduous tree, 5-20 ft (4.5-6 m), low branching, rounded top, dense thorny (to 2.5 cm long) branches. Ultimate height 3m (10ft), spread 4m (13ft). Phipps, J.B.; O’Kennon, R.J.; Lance, R.W. Crataegus crus-galli, commonly called cockspur thorn, is sometimes seen as a dense, low-branched, broad-rounded tree to 25-35’ with horizontal branching armed with numerous large thorns (1.5-3” long).Lower branches often sweep near to the ground. It is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree that is noted for its profuse spring bloom. In 1775 Jacquin formally separated the common hawthorn, naming it C. monogyna,[7] and in 1946 Dandy showed that Linnaeus had actually observed a different plant, and this would be C. oxyacantha. Height: 18 - 25 feet. Requires only minimal pruning in late winter or early spring, to remove damaged, diseased or misplaced growth. Crataegus laevigata 'Paul’s Scarlet' is an extremely hardy ornamental tree that will grow in almost any condition or soil including, coastal, exposed, polluted or damp sites. Flowers form in clusters and are bright red with white centers. Award-winning Crataegus laevigata 'Rosea Flore... Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn) is a... Crataegus viridis 'Winter King' (Green Hawthorn)... Crataegus crus-galli (Cockspur Hawthorn) forms a... Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn) is... By Przemyslaw Muszynski, ZGD, Dabjola, Shutterstock. They are well armed with thorns, 1 in. The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. Fruit may cause mild stomach upset if ingested. Has red flowers and fruit. The hermaphrodite flowers are produced in corymbs of six to twelve, each flower with five white or pale pink petals and two or sometimes three styles. 2003. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Crataegus_laevigata&oldid=992881944, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 16:33. Related Plants 'Autumn Glory' 'Coccinea Plena' 'Crimson Cloud' 'Gireoudii' ... Fruit, Leaf Art. C. odoratissima is very agreeable also as a fruit. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Longevity 50 to 150 years. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. As its common name of Hawthorn suggests, it has sharp thorns on its branches and provides a safe home for a variety of wildlife. Crataegus laevigata 'Crimson Cloud' English Hawthorn. It is a large shrub or small tree growing to 8 metres (26 ft) or rarely to 12 metres (39 ft) tall, with a dense crown. Find help & information on Crataegus laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet' (d) hawthorn 'Paul's Scarlet' from the RHS. Sizes: Standards Only RHS … Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Noted for its profuse spring blossoms, Crataegus laevigata (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. Wide-spreading tree to 30 feet high, 35 feet across. In mid to late spring, a profusion of white flowers held in clusters (corymbs) along the branches provide a … The fruit is a dark red pome 6–10 millimetres (0.2–0.4 in) diameter, slightly broader than long, containing two or three nutlets. Crataegus laevigata 'Paul's Scarlet' (English Hawthorn), Crataegus laevigata 'Punicea' (English Hawthorn), Crataegus laevigata 'Rosea Flore Pleno' (English Hawthorn), Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn), Crataegus viridis 'Winter King' (Green Hawthorn), Native Plant Alternatives to Crataegus monogyna (Single-Seed Hawthorn), Want Garden Inspiration? Flowers double, scarlet with a tinge of rose, very showy. Out of scope information includes radiopharmaceuticals, contrast media, herbals, homeopathics, and food. Noted for its profuse spring blossoms, Crataegus laevigata (English Hawthorn) is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree with a dense rounded crown of ascending, stiff, zig-zag branches. Crataegus. Don’t forget the value of the leaves and flowers for making tea–much easier to make tea with those than with the berries. It is also often seen as a tall, flat-topped shrub. Form: Oval, Pyramidal. (1987) p 165 Parts Shown: Flower, Fruit, Habit, Leaf Art. Grows up to 15-20 ft. tall and wide (4-6 m). C. Aronia is a bushy species giving larger fleshy fruit than C. Oxyacantha. 2 Hawthorn. Red fruit develops in fall and will last through winter. However, by this time confusion over the true identity of C. oxyacantha was so great that Byatt proposed[8] that the name should be formally rejected as ambiguous, and this proposal was accepted by the International Botanical Congress,[9] although the name continues to be used informally. Species. Crataegus laevigata, known as the midland hawthorn, woodland hawthorn or mayflower. Keep an eye out for caterpillars, gall mites, aphids, leaf spots and fireblight. Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. A small low growing- spreading thorn with deeply lobed downy leaves which gives the effect of grey-silver leaves. Accept Join now and start creating your dream garden! The disease is less of a … The blossoms are followed by red fruits in fall. Crataegus laevigata (fruit) From AHPA Botanical Identity References Compendium. Jump to: navigation, search. Note this is the default cart. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Crataegus - Hawthorns, Cherry Blossoms and Camassia for my Spring Garden, A Charming Plant Combination for Shady Gardens: Hydrangea, Japanese Maple and Boxwood, A Four-Season Border with Evergreen Conifers and Japanese Maples, An Elegant Summer Garden Idea with Hydrangea, Rose and Astilbe, A Pretty Spring Border with Allium, Poppies and Wedding Cake Tree, Brilliant Cherry Blossoms for my Spring Garden, A Much Admired Spring Idea with Allium and Laburnum, A Spectacular Spring Border Idea with Brilliant Tulips and Cotinus, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3, 2, 2A, 2B, 3, 3A, 3B, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 17, A2, A3. Perfect as a specimen tree for cottage gardens, town, coastal or exposed gardens. Most successful hawthorn for Oklahoma. Leaves alternate, simple, glossy green, rounded 3-5 lobed, serrulate, of variable size. Type: Broadleaf. Crataegus laevigata Pauls Scarlet - Double Red Hawthorn, Standard Trees. Rounded Shape. So much so that it can be hard to see anything else - a wonderful sight. Tree has thorny branches. Its fruit in the same way is highly esteemed in Southern Europe. Straight to zigzag, thorny stems are clad with 3 … There is no satisfactory chemical control. To use the website as intended please  In mid to late spring, a profusion of white flowers held in clusters (corymbs) along the branches provide a spectacular spring floral display. The leaves are 2–6 centimetres (0.79–2.4 in) long and 2–5 centimetres (0.79–2.0 in) broad, with two to three shallow, forward-pointing lobes on each side of the leaf. Can be used for hedging. Red flowers.Any soil / location except very wet areas. McCune, in Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Cardiovascular Disease, 2013. Only plants will be removed from the collection. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. Create spectacular spring borders like this one. The species name is sometimes spelt C. levigata,[4] but the original orthography is C. It is smaller right now and can be trimmed back as it grows. Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Crataegus laevigata , English Hawthorn or English Midland Hawthorn, has been cultivated for ages in hedges and gardens and is often confused with C. monogyna (also called English Hawthorn or Common Hawthorn) and C. × media (hybrids of C. monogyna × C. laevigata ). The flowers are pollinated by insects. These cultivars are considered by taxonomists to be derived from hybrids between C. laevigata and C. monogyna, within the named hybrid species C. × media.[10]. 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