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the!word!themselves. Understanding the difference between receptive and expressive vocabulary and the three tiers will help you develop strong instruction for academic language. A Focused Approach to Constructing Meaning by Dutro & Levy explains further these functions and how best to support students. (www.colorincolorado.org) Definition 2: Otherwise, students will mostly use 'describe' as it's easier. Robert Marzano, an educational researcher and author, offers these six simple steps for instructing academic language. The image below summarizes the various levels of thinking using the Bloom's Taxonomy. Interpret: explain the meaning of something, symbolism behind something, translate meaning. This could be a variety of words like identify, analyze, summarize, define, explain, conclude, justify, compare. and examples of language components such as the discipline-specific vocabulary, language function, syntax and discourse. Academic language is used in teaching and learning for students to learn and use to participate and engage in the content area in meaningful ways. Some examples of academic language are: sum, difference, product, characteristics, attributes, setting, plot, genre, form, infer, predict, synthesize, analyze, critique, interpret, etc. It is also the language of the workplace — for example, the language used to write a business letter as opposed to a casual e-mail to a co-worker. We know that 'describe' is one of the lowest thinking skills; similarly, language associated with 'describe' is less complex that language associated with some other language functions, such as 'evaluate'. Finally, Tier 3 are words that are not used often and are subject-specific, such as isotope, Industrial Age, or indigenous. For your actual edTPA assignment, you are to select one language function from a lesson and it can be any language function, either from this list or outside of this list. As educators, we attempt to determine if children understand a concept by asking them to perform a task, such as comparing or inferring. Let us take a look at the academic Science Standards for elementary grades below. For example: Unemployment levels are down 5% this month. Academic language represents the language of the discipline that students need to learn and use to participate and engage in meaningful ways in the content area.There are language demands that teachers need to consider as they plan to support student learning of content; these language demands include vocabulary, language functions, syntax, and discourse. Pay attention to the use of academic language in the task. There is also specific academic language for specific subjects. This can be anything that you assign such as an essay, writing a paragraph, sentence, … understanding!of!content!in!an!academic!setting.! Analyze- main ideas, arguments, bias; causes of historical, economic, geographic, and political events. This is the job for you as a teacher! Examples of language function words are compare, explain, describe, interpret, justify, evaluate, sequence, analyze, and create. Students typically achieve proficiency in social language long before they have mastered a grade-appropriate level of academic language. Let us take a look at the academic Science Standards for elementary grades below. Learning, using, and applying academic language is constantly ongoing as new concepts are taught on … How about order essay here? Thus a second consideration for selecting a language function of focus in a lesson is make sure to vary the levels of thinking and language your lessons address across time so that students are exposed to a variety of levels of language/thinking. : give reason, describe how something works, give examples of, etc. There are two considerations to keep in mind. REQUIREMENTS. Finally, the recent adoption of more rigorous standards, or educational objectives, specifically requires students to determine the meanings of academic language in both their everyday school work and on end of year assessments. Tier 2 words are used more often and have more than one meaning. Evaluate- an author's purpose, message, likely audience. Sign in|Recent Site Activity|Report Abuse|Print Page|Powered By Google Sites. Similarly to Bloom's Taxonomy, language functions address various levels of thinking and language. AL is the "language of the discipline" used to engage students in learning and includes the means by which students develop and express content understandings. Robert Marzano, an educational researcher and author, has designated six steps to insure a deep understanding when instructing academic vocabulary. Before you read on below to find out what the associated language functions are for the text sections A, B, C, and D, try to identify them on your end using the list of possible language functions above: The language functions/thinking skills associated with the standards/benchmark above are the following: C) analyze (cause/effect) * Note here that even though the word "describe" is used (describe the positive and negative impact…) the language function/thinking is not "describe" but "describe impact", which entails cause/effect. They can be divided into two categories: receptive vocabulary, which are words we hear and read, and expressive vocabulary, which are words we speak and write. A Focused Approach to Constructing Meaning, by Dutro and Levy explains further these functions and how best to support students. Being fluent with these high-level vocabulary words increases a student’s ability to express knowledge about a subject. Mónica tells her friends about her weekend, she can answer questions about her family, and she can talk about her likes and dislikes. Before diving in, let’s take a closer look at different definitions of language. Source: PACT "Making Good Choices". It is one of the most obvious language functions in the majority of texts. Examples of Some Key Language Functions (Page 1) A language function is the purpose of speaking that sentence or phrase. It holds the essence of academic language being used in school and used to convey understanding of knowledge. They can appear in differing situations but are not often present in social conversations for children. The edTPA assignment lists eight possible language functions that might the embedded in your lesson and that you would highlight and teach to students. Academic language is used at all grade levels, although its frequency increases as students get older. Tier 1 consists of basic vocabulary words that usually don’t have more than one meaning. Compare & Contrast - explaining or showing contrasts & similarities. Most academic language falls into Tiers 2 and 3. When she comes across math or science terms in the classroom, however, M… Educational research tells us that in order to understand, remember, and use language, we need to interact with it in many different ways. Image from: http://pcs2ndgrade.pbworks.com/f/1318607148/RBT.PNG. A sequential example of how an academic language objective would look in a physical education learning segment, how the teacher can promote this academic language objective and how it can be assessed is provided. Students practice and extend their language skills for comparing by applying it in different ways. Academic language refers to the words we use mostly in schools. Mónica is an English language learner (ELL) student who, after only a few months of interaction at school with friends and teachers, can basically communicate in English. Explain: give reason, describe how something works, give examples of, etc. What is Academic Language? It’s the vocabulary students need to learn and is necessary for their success in school. Use these steps when introducing new academic language to your students and academic language will be the norm in no time. Additionally, instruction of academic language is necessary for higher-level skills, which are increasingly necessary with curricula in today’s schools. Language demand is the assignment the student is to complete. How many vocabulary words we have in our heads depends on how much diverse language we’re exposed to. For example, you can look at the academic standards for your grade or content area and there are easily identifiable language functions/thinking evident in these standards. 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